WORLD ORAL HYGIENE DAY: FOCUS ON DENTAL TRAUMA
TRAUMA. An unsuspecting villain that possesses the capacity to cause permanent damage to a person. Just like traumatic experiences dent our psyche, so also do dental traumas cause harm to overall oral health. A dental trauma refers to trauma or injury to the teeth or gums, and nearby soft tissues such as the lips, tongue, etc. Dental traumas could manifest in a variety of forms including enamel fracture, root fracture of tooth, subluxation of tooth (tooth knocked loose), displaced tooth, gum, tongue and lip laceration, amongst others. Dental traumas are often times accompanied by severe pain and lead to complications that affect the overall integrity and well being of the mouth.
Most times, dental traumas are often discovered by a dentist or orthodontist during an oral examination. Other times, the dental trauma could be identified by the individual who is advised to take immediate steps towards ensuring that the trauma is managed from further complication. The treatment of a few of some of the most common incidences of dental trauma include:
Chipped tooth: If there is no pain and the chip is small, then the patient usually decides if and how it should be repaired. Depending on the size of the chip, the tooth could be fixed cosmetically or filled in appropriately.
Tooth knocked out of place: The key to successful reattachment of a tooth is to get it re-implanted as soon as possible. With each passing minute, the root cells of the tooth begin to die. When a tooth is knocked out, it is always best to first wash the tooth under running water and re-implant it immediately. The individual should then be hurried to a dentist for further evaluation.
Broken Jaw: If a jaw is suspected to be broken, then it should not be moved. The jaw should be kept as static as possible as any slight motion could debilitate the jaw. In the case of inflammation, compressing the jaw could help reduce swelling. After the initial nuances have been maintained, the individual should be rushed as soon as possible to an emergency room or dentist.
Cracked or Broken tooth: Cracked or broken teeth should be repaired as soon as possible to prevent further complication. Root canal therapy or tooth extraction may be necessary in some cases. If a crack affects the enamel and dentin, a crown is often the best treatment. Keep in mind that the symptoms of cracked teeth may involve tooth sensitivity to cold and hot foods and pain. Cracked teeth are not always visible and worsen over time.
Dental traumas can cause a bucket-load of pain and discomfort to the mouth of an individual, which is never a good thing. These complications can extend to an emotional and psychological phase, completely denting the overall health of a person and limiting their happiness. When Dental injuries are observed, it is of utmost important to treat and manage them as effectively and swiftly as possible. You never really know how much a single tooth does for you until it’s gone.
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